In 2020, 24,016 people died in Slovenia or 3,428 (16.7%) more than in 2019. The average age of death in 2020 was one year higher than in 2019. High mortality, especially in November and December, contributed to highest negative natural increase after 1945.
In 2020, 11,733 men and 12,283 women died in Slovenia. Compared to 2019, the number of deaths was 3,428 (16.7%) higher.
Natural growth has been negative every year from 2017 onwards, as more people die than are born each year. The COVID-19 epidemic and high mortality in 2020, especially in November and December, contributed to a greater natural decline: in 2020, it was −5249 people or −2.5 per 1000 inhabitants.
In 1954, the average age of death in Slovenia was 57.2 years and since then it has increased by 22 years (in 2020). The average age of death in 2020 was 79.2 years and was 1.1 years higher than the average age of death in 2019. In the last 47 years, this was the highest increase in the average age of death between two consecutive years.
On average, men die earlier than women. In 2020, the average age of men at death was 75.3 years and that of women 82.9 years. Since 1954, the average age of death for men in Slovenia has increased by 21 years and for women by 23 years.
As the average age of death increases, so does life expectancy. A boy born in Slovenia in 2020 can expect to live 77.8 years or 5.6 years less than a girl born in the same year, who can be expected to live 83.4 years.
Life expectancy has increased by 8.4 years for men and 6.2 years for women over the past three decades. In 2020, the life expectancy at birth of men, compared to 2019, has decreased by 0.7 years and for women by 0.8 years.
Last year was marked by the COVID-19 pandemic, which had a significant impact on mortality. The first wave was already in the spring of 2020, but the significant impact on mortality in Slovenia appeared in the second half of the year (in the last quarter of 2020). Excessive mortality (e.g., excessive number of deaths compared to the average number of deaths in the same periods in the past) was 18.8% in 2020. This means that 18.8% or 3795 more people died than the average in the period 2015-2019.
Sixty-six people died on average per day in 2020 or an average of 10 more than in 2015-2019. The excessive number of deaths is also reflected in the fact that between 2000 and 2019 there was only one day in which 100 or more people died. In 2020, there were 38 such days, all in November or December. The day with the highest number of deaths in 2020 was December 6 (130). The week with the highest number of deaths in 2020 was the first week of December (November 30 to December 6). 801 people died that week.