Political parties, courts, parliament, the prosecution and the president are the least trusted institutions in Albania with less than a quarter of the citizens trusting them at all.
This is according to the Opinion Poll of the Institute for Democracy and Mediation in the Governance of the Poll for 2020. Now in its eighth edition, the poll surveyed a representative sample of 2,500 citizens to examine what their perception is of those who run the country their respective.
Albanians have little trust in local institutions, preferring instead to place their trust in international organizations such as NATO, the UN and the EU. At the local level, they had more confidence in religious institutions, followed by educational institutions, the armed forces and then civil society.
Albanians believe the government and municipalities are not transparent, although the numbers have improved slightly from last year. In general, they believe that only foreign institutions can bear the responsibility of the government, although they have some confidence in the Supreme State Audit Institution, the media, the Ombudsman and civil society.
In terms of corruption, more than 84% believe that petty and large-scale corruption is widespread. They ranked judicial institutions as the most corrupt. In fact, only 28.7% believe that justice reform is being implemented correctly and about half think it will have a positive impact on Albania. According to respondents, they are concerned about how politics affects the judiciary.
This is the fourth year in a row that confidence in justice reform has continued to decline.
The survey reports that healthcare institutions are seen as the second most corrupt institutions in the country (note the survey was conducted during the pandemic year), followed by law enforcement and parliament.
Most do not believe that minor or major corruption is prosecuted.
Even more troubling, 32% of respondents said they had paid a bribe to receive a service from the central government in 2020 – a significant increase from 2019, when only 19% of respondents reported the same.
TV remains the main source of information, followed by social media and online portals. Only a third believe that the information provided by the media is true.
In terms of natural disasters like the 2019 earthquake and pandemic, only 40.3% were satisfied with government decision-making. Another 65% were dissatisfied with the way their human rights and personal freedoms were treated during the pandemic.
Less than 40% said the government properly managed post-earthquake responses.
In terms of equality, surprisingly 50% of men said they thought there was gender equality, while only 39% of women felt that way.