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Cyprus: Cautious optimism about informal five-party meeting

Nicosia says it remains cautiously optimistic about the informal conference on the Cyprus issue, while conveying the message that Cyprus will not accept a change of basis and form in resolving the Cyprus issue, as well as arbitrary arbitrations and schedules. A new meeting of the legal group set up in preparation for the informal conference will take place on Monday.

Following the statement by the UN Secretary-General’s representative that Antonio Guterres intends to convene an informal 5 + 1 meeting on the Cyprus issue very soon, Government Spokesman Kyriakos Kousios stated that an official announcement from the United Nations on this issue is expected at the time of right time, most likely some time next week.

“At this stage, there is nothing more we can say. “Just wait for the official announcement from the United Nations,” said Kyriakos Kousios.

Asked about Nicosia’s preparations for the informal conference, the government spokesman said that “preparations for the informal five-party meeting have been under way for some time.” It is known that a group of legal experts on constitutional law and other specialties has been set up. similar, who has already met in several sessions, “he explained.

He added that “members of this group have studied various issues they have faced and the discussion on the results of their work has already begun. “The group will meet again on Monday to discuss specific legal issues related to the substance of the Cyprus issue and the informal meeting with the five parties,” he said.

At the same time, he noted that the President of the Republic has met with the negotiating team “and intends to use all members of the negotiating team, especially in their specialized areas, while he will also employ expert constitutional lawyers.”

Asked to comment on statements by Turkish Cypriot leader Ersin Tatar that he would put a two-state solution on the table, the government spokesman replied: “We support a solution based on the resolutions and decisions of the United Nations and the Council of Europe. Insurance »

He recalled that “only recently in the process of renewing the mandate of UNFICYP, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2561 which confirmed Resolution 1251 regarding the settlement of the Cyprus issue. And it is clear that R1251 sets the basis for resolving the issue of Cyprus, “he underlined.

Kyriakos Kousios also said that “the Secretary-General of the United Nations has and derives the terms of his mandate from the resolutions of the United Nations Security Council.”

He added that “since the Security Council resolutions set out the form and basis for resolving the Cyprus issue, we expect the Secretary-General to act within the terms of his mandate, without implying that he should not take any initiative in “Overcoming the stalemate in the event of a situation that does not allow further negotiations, in the same way that he undertook several initiatives in Crans Montana by recording six points in his document.”

“Our positions remain unchanged and we will address the conference with clear positions,” he said, stressing that the form of solution should be a bi-zonal, bi-municipal federation, as set out in Security Council resolutions.

At the same time, he added that the solution must be in line with the principles and values ​​of the European Union, of which Cyprus is a member and will continue to be a member.

He added that it is no coincidence that the European Union has repeatedly stated that it will be present in the negotiations on the substance of the Cyprus issue through a special envoy, while at the same time attending the informal five- parties as observers.

Kyriakos Kousios warned that the convergences achieved through dialogue should not be forgotten, as the Joint Declaration of November 25, 2019 in Berlin during the meeting of the UN Secretary General with President Anastasiades and the then Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci should be remembered, but also Joint Statement February 2014 of President Anastasiades and then Turkish Cypriot leader Dervis Eroglu.

Regarding Ersin Tatar’s statements, Kyriakos Kousios said that there have been similar statements by the Turkish Cypriot side in the past. “Let me remind you when Rauf Denktas was the leader of the Turkish Cypriots and when Mr. Eroglu was the Turkish Cypriot leader. Didn’t you have more or less the same treatment then? He replied.

Let us hope, he added, “that we will head to the informal five-party meeting to determine the exact positions of both parties. We are prepared for all possible contingencies. There is a cautious optimism that the informal meeting will give some results in order to encourage the UN Secretary General to take the next important step, which is to negotiate a solution to the Cyprus issue, a solution that must be fair, functional and therefore sustainable and free. from anachronistic guarantees or the presence of foreign troops, ”he underlined.

In another question, Kyriakos Kousios replied that the role of UN Secretary General would not be arbitrary, noting that the Cyprus issue “is an issue that concerns Cyprus itself; it is the property of Cyprus. We do not “We can accept neither arbitrators nor stifling schedules,” he stressed.

He added that “what we hope is that with the positions that will be presented, the Secretary General will be able to help through his interventions to move one step further”.

“Our position is clear; “Changing the basis and form of the solution to the Cyprus problem is not acceptable,” Kyriakos Kousios concluded.

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